Plastic Surgery Explained

Posted by Abdom on Friday Mar 28, 2014 Under Abdominoplasty Guide

5Plastic surgery is a branch of surgery that specializes on reconstructing and repairing damaged tissues and skin. This damage may have occurred after injury, such as extensive burns or injuries sustained during vehicle accidents, or after illness such as the removal of a cancerous tissue. It can also be due to an abnormality present from birth (congenital abnormality) such as birthmarks and cleft lip and palate. Plastic surgery will help one recover confidence and self-esteem when for instance; an abnormality that existed from birth is corrected.

It’s important to disambiguate the literal “plastic” from plastic surgery. “Plastic” does not mean that the patients do not acquire a fake face, since the name is not derived from the artificial substance. In fact, it comes from a Greek word plastikos, which has the meaning “to form” or “to mold”.

Although improvement of body appearance is an important objective of plastic surgery, restoring skin function to close normalcy is its main aim. Consequently, it is a type of surgery which involves a person’s appearance as well as ability to function. These are achieved through both reconstructive and cosmetic procedures. Although most people think of cosmetic procedures as being entirely surgical, other procedures do not involve the widely perceived cutting and stitching, for instance, removal of unwanted hair by use of special lasers.

Cosmetic procedures usually alter a part of the body which the patient is uncomfortable with. These procedures may include; rhinoplasty (reshaping the nose), liposuction surgery seattle (removal of fat pockets from various body spots), abdominoplasty seattle (commonly referred to as a Tummy Tuck), augmentation mammoplasty (enlarging the breasts) and reduction mammoplasty (making the breasts smaller).

Reconstructive procedures usually correct defects on the body and face. These may include ear deformities, traumatic injuries such as ones resulting from dog bites, physical birth defects or the aftermath of disease treatment such as restructuring a woman’s breast after breast cancer surgery.

There are three main categories of reconstructive methods: skin grafts, skin flap surgery and tissue expansion. Skin graft is a surgical procedure that is used to transfer various parts of healthy skin from one unaffected body area to replace damaged skin in another area. This process relies on the grafted area to keep the graft alive. Skin flap surgery involves transferring a living piece of tissue, together with the blood vessels sustaining it, from one body part to another. It derives its name from the fact that the tissue remains attached to the body even after repositioning. Finally, tissue expansion is a procedure that stimulates the body to develop extra skin by stretching the tissue surrounding it. This extra skin helps in the reconstruction of the nearby area.

The risks involved in these procedures cannot be overlooked, and it is therefore prudent for one to be conversant with them before signing the declaration form. The particular degree of risk will however, depend on several factors such as the overall health of the patient, the experience of the surgeon, as well as the size of the tissue the surgery is performed on. The general risks include scarring, infection and the failure of the repaired area to pick up, which mainly occurs due to restricted blood supply.